Push-Back Pallet Racking

Push-Back Pallet Racking

High-density storage system for pallets that increases warehouse capacity and reduces handling times.

The product

Push-back racking: storage by accumulation saves time and space

Push-back pallet racking is a high-density storage solution for housing several pallets deep with a different SKU in each channel. It works by accumulation: the load is pushed along rails mounted on a slight slope.

The push-back system is extremely agile. The forklift does not enter the racking, and goods are accessed from a single working aisle. This solution is based on the LIFO (last in, first out) goods management method.

Push-back pallet racking is a high-density accumulative storage system

Push-back racking advantages

  • Space savings: doing away with intermediate aisles makes better use of the available surface area and increases storage capacity.
  • Time gained: forklifts do not enter the racking, and operations are carried out from a single aisle. This significantly streamlines loading and unloading.
  • Multiple SKUs: each storage channel can house a different SKU, making it possible to diversify the products stored.
  • Low-to-high temperatures: the carts in the racking are prepared to work at temperatures ranging from -30 °C to 40 °C.
  • Operational safety: the locking devices, stops, pallet centralisers, and other elements ensure safe and easy storage and retrieval manoeuvres.
  • Low maintenance: the system requires very little maintenance, while its components ensure high strength and durability.
The push-back rack is space optimisation

In addition to being very practical, with these racks, we’ve eliminated aisles and streamlined storage tasks

SHAD Spain
Marina Xicola Operations Manager
(Barcelona, Spain)

Applications of push-back pallet racking systems

Extremely flexible solution adaptable to different types of warehouses

Push-back racking is the perfect system for companies with medium-turnover palletised goods or with a small variety of SKUs and few pallets per SKU. It is also ideal for facilities that need to leverage their available surface area.

Push-back pallet racking systems are ideal for facilities with medium-turnover SKUs

Warehouses with medium-turnover products

Push-back pallet racking is optimal for medium-turnover palletised goods with 2 or more pallets per SKU and LIFO management.

Push-back racks facilitate batch storage

Batch storage

Each channel is independent, making it possible to store a different SKU per channel and facilitating batch management.

The push-back rack is commonly used in cold stores

Cold stores

Recommended for warehouses operating at low temperatures: the system reduces the volume to be cooled and thus energy consumption.

Buffer for picked orders

Buffer for picked orders

These racks can be used in temporary storage areas to house prepared orders.

How does a push-back rack system work?

Set of carts or rollers for loading and unloading pallets smoothly and safely

Push-back racking works according to a simple movement mechanism involving carts (trolleys) or rollers. This mechanism leverages and balances two opposing forces: the pushing force to place the pallets in the storage channel and the force of gravity to facilitate their removal.


Nocciole Marchisio

We’re really pleased with the performance of Mecalux’s push-back pallet racking and Movirack mobile racks. We especially like their optimal performance and the fact that they’ve doubled our storage capacity.

Pier Giorgio Mollea Owner
Nocciole Marchisio
(Cortemilia, Italy)
College of DuPage

Sometimes we just need one case of paper, and with our old system, you’d have to reach in the rack to grab that case of paper. They no longer have to do that. So, for us, not having to put a person in the rack underneath thousands and thousands of pounds was a big plus. It’s just the fact that you’re eliminating the potential for injury. You can’t really put a price tag on that.

Angelo Conti Warehouse Manager
College of DuPage
(Glen Ellyn, Illinois, United States)
Mundo Helado

We couldn’t be happier with the push-back racking from Mecalux — it’s leveraged all available space in our warehouse. We can also manage products very quickly with this system, helping us to provide efficient service.

Francisco Achaval General Manager
Mundo Helado
(Córdoba, Argentina)
Brivio & Viganò

We needed a solution that would help us maximise storage capacity in both floor space and height.

Stefano Brivio Managing Partner
Brivio & Viganò
(Pozzuolo Martesana, Italy)
Interworld Freight

We’re thrilled with the racking from Mecalux — it’s completely transformed our warehouse layout. Since implementing it, we’ve minimised errors and no longer receive customer complaints.

Interworld Freight
(Miami, Florida, United States)

Case studies

The combination of five storage systems boosts the productivity of a beverages manufacturer

Success story of the Abafoods warehouse in Italy with pallet racking, drive-in racking, push-back racking, Pallet Shuttle and Movirack racking developed by Mecalux. Read more

The combination of five storage systems boosts the productivity of a beverages manufacturer

The warehouse of the cork manufacture Belbo Sugheri

The Belbo Sugheri family business has a manufacturing centre in Calamandrana (Italy) where it goes about making the highest-quality corks to preserve all sorts of wines. This plant’s warehouse has some push-back racking from Mecalux where bulk cork filled big-bags are deposited for later use. Read more

The warehouse of the cork manufacture Belbo Sugheri

Combination of solutions for logistics operator Tamer in Saudi Arabia

Mecalux has equipped a warehouse, through a company called Alshaya, for Tamer a logistics operator in Saudi Arabia with pallet racks, the high-density Pallet Shuttle system, push-back racks and an underpass set up for picking from live channels. The systems yield a 22,706-pallet storage capacity. Read more

Combination of solutions for logistics operator Tamer in Saudi Arabia

The logistics operator Desert Depot installs push-back racking to get more capacity out of a smaller storage area

Example of push-back racking at the Desert Depot warehouse in US, developed by Mecalux. Read more

The logistics operator Desert Depot installs push-back racking to get more capacity out of a smaller storage area
See more case studies

Push-back rack configurations

Different structural options to suit the logistics needs of each facility

Mecalux’s push-back pallet racking with carts can store 2 to 4 pallets in depth, while the variant with rollers can accommodate 4-plus pallets.

Components of push-back pallet racking systems

Mecalux’s push-back racking stands out for its top quality across manufacturing processes, materials used and the finishes of the different components. This commitment to excellence ensures the utmost stability, strength and durability of the installations.

Although they share several common elements found in other types of metal pallet racking (e.g., frames and beams), what sets the push-back system apart is its rails and carts.

Push-back pallet racking is equipped with a set of specific components to ensure streamlined, risk-free loading and unloading operations. These elements ensure the safety of the operators, the goods, and the storage system.

The frames of push-back racks comprise uprights, cross-ties and diagonals


Vertical elements formed by 2 connected uprights and a set of cross-ties and diagonals

In push-back pallet racking, the rails are affixed to the beams


Horizontal elements on which the rails are fixed. They are mounted with the necessary slope for the proper movement of the pallets.

The carts in push-back racking move along the rails


Also known as trolleys, these incorporate 4 bearings with axles that enable them to move along the rail. Available in 3 lengths to adapt to the width of the pallet.

In a push-back rack, the rails enable the movement of the carts


Metal profiles that house the carts, allowing the rolling elements to move smoothly along the channel.

Rollers extend the depth of the rails in push-back racks


Solution used to achieve greater channel depth. The roller axles fit into the grooves of the rails.

Lock triggers prevent the cart from moving if the pallet is not supported correctly

Lock trigger

Included in each cart to prevent it from moving in the event that the pallet is not correctly supported.

Pallet centralisers facilitate loading and unloading in push-back racks

Pallet centralisers

Located on both sides of each channel, these help to properly centre pallets and facilitate loading and unloading manoeuvres.

The cart occupancy indicators show whether there are free spaces in the channel

Cart occupancy indicators

These protrude from the beam to indicate whether carts are available. They are especially useful at higher levels to quickly check for available space in the channel.

Wire mesh side protection enhances the safety of push-back racking

Wire mesh side protection

This prevents goods from falling from high levels into passageways or to restrict access of personnel to the lower level from the sides.

The safe load warning notice contains technical information on the push-back racking

Safe load warning notice

Located in visible sections at the ends of the structure, this reflects the technical characteristics of the racking.


Catalog - 8 - Push-back - en_UN

Push-back pallet racking (catalogue)

Accumulative storage system for housing several pallets in depth

MS Dinamica_ENG

Warehouse safety manual

Operation, use, inspection and maintenance of the push-back rack

Storage Solutions for Pallets_UN

Storage solutions for pallets (catalogue)

Storage systems for palletised goods

Catalog - 2 - Easy-wms - en_NU

Warehouse management software

Technological innovation for efficient warehousing



Push-back pallet racking consists of high-density structures that eliminate interior aisles and allow up to 4 pallets to be stored by accumulation per channel. They increase warehouse capacity while reducing the surface area occupied by the storage system. Pallets are placed on a set of carts or rollers that are pushed along a series of rails mounted at a slight incline. They get their name from the forklift’s action of pushing back the pallets already in the racking to make room for a new one. The front part of the rack is the lowest part, so when goods are removed, the pallets at the back move forward one position by gravity, leaving the entrance to the channel occupied once again. With this type of racking, loading and unloading takes place in a single working aisle. Therefore, operations follow the LIFO (last in, first out) principle.

Although push-back racks are compatible with any type of product, they’re especially ideal in certain circumstances. For instance, they’re perfect for storing medium-turnover palletised goods with 2 or more pallets per SKU and that are managed via the LIFO method. Additionally, push-back pallet racking systems are also routinely employed in facilities with few SKUs and few pallets per SKU. They’re also an excellent option for housing fast-moving consumer goods (FMGCs) thanks to the speed they bring to loading and unloading manoeuvres. Likewise — as with all high-density storage solutions — these racks are an optimal solution for businesses that need to maximize their available surface area to expand their warehouse capacity.

The main difference between the two systems lies in the inventory management strategies used in each case. Push-back racking is based on the LIFO (last in, first out) principle since goods are accessed from a single working aisle. Pallet flow racking, on the other hand, has a loading and an unloading aisle, so its operations are governed by the FIFO (first in, first out) principle.

The push-back rack is a simple high-density storage system that allows a different SKU to be housed in each channel. Moreover, as the forklifts load and unload goods from a single working aisle, they do not enter the structure, reducing manoeuvring times and making operations safer. Nevertheless, these racks are limited by the depth and height of the channels. The system can be configured with 4 to 6 pallets deep (depending on the variant chosen — carts or rollers) and a maximum height of 7.5 m. If you require greater capacity or height, Mecalux has several other high-density solutions. One such system is the Pallet Shuttle, whose storage channels can exceed 40 m in depth.

Push-back pallet racking that uses the variant with carts and rails can house a maximum of 4 pallets per channel. In the version with rollers, on the other hand, the maximum number of pallets is 6. And that depth can be even greater if the weight of the pallet allows it.

Mecalux has set the maximum height of its push-back racks at 7.5 m, provided it works with suitable handling equipment. This is because the height is conditioned by the forklifts used.

The width of the channels — i.e., of the beams — is equal to the front dimension of the pallet including the load plus 150 mm (75 mm on each side).

In the carts and rails variant, the forklift handles the pallets from their wider side, introducing them in the racking with their bottom deckboards positioned perpendicularly. This way, they are securely supported (crosswise) on the carts and rails. In the roller variant, on the other hand, pallets are handled from the narrow side, with the bottom deckboards resting perpendicularly on the rollers to facilitate their movement.

In a push-back rack, each storage channel is allocated to a single SKU. As the channels are managed independently, each of them can contain different SKUs. This offers an advantage over drive-in racking, in which all channels of a lane are assigned to the same SKU.

Theoretically, any forklift model can work with push-back racking, although it’s important to take into account certain aspects. For instance, the rigidity and resistance of the forklift’s mast to the pushing force will condition the number of pallets per channel. This is because the forklift is responsible for applying the force required to push the pallets stored in the channel when introducing a new one. Additionally, as the height increases, the mast must be stronger: its components will wear more, and the forklift will be more difficult to control when removing pallets.

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